Young plants have a single unbranched stem with a rosette of leaves until the growing tip flowers or is damaged, after which it branches, producing two or more new stems; thereafter, branching increases with subsequent flowering episodes. It is so widely spread that you have surely seen it at least once at someone’s house. It is a tree-like plant with sword-shaped leaves which is native to tropical Africa: Sudan, Mozambique, Côte d'Ivoire and Angola. You need to keep this plant away from direct sunlight, as it can do a lot of damage within a fairly short amount of time. Dracaena fragrans massangeana or Dracaena massangeana is commonly referred to as mass cane or corn plant, and is widely used indoors. [5], In cultivation in the Neotropics, a few generalist hummingbird species like the sapphire-spangled emerald (Amazilia lactea) visit the flowers. Highly popular, Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' (Corn Plant) is a strongly upright, evergreen shrub with a stout tan stem topped by a rosette of long, sword-shaped leaves. Home gardeners usually grow corn plants as large potted plants, rather than in garden soil. Dracaena massangeana belongs to the dragon plant family, and its complete scientific name, D. fragrans, hints to its rare amazingly scented blooming. The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is an oldie but goodie in the houseplant industry. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins. You should bring the plant back inside well before temperatures fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. [1][3], In Africa, D. fragrans is commonly grown as a hedge plant. A loose, loamy potting soil mix is the best option for growing corn plants. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The houseplant requires little maintenance, can be in partial shade and is therefore very suitable for offices. [1][3], The leaves are glossy green, lanceolate, 20–150 cm (7.9–59.1 in) long and 2–12 cm (0.79–4.72 in) wide; small leaves are erect to spreading, and larger leaves usually drooping under their weight. The Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' plant, also known as the corn plant, is made up of shiny green leaves that have a yellow streak running down the center of the leaves. Growing dracaena fragrans gives the feeling of being in a corn field. The flowers are produced in panicles 15–160 cm (5.9–63.0 in) long, the individual flowers are 2.5 cm (0.98 in) diameter, with a six-lobed corolla, pink at first, opening white with a fine red or purple central line on each of the 7–12 mm (0.28–0.47 in) lobes; they are highly fragrant, and popular with pollinating insects. The NASA Clean Air Study indicated that the plant aided removal of indoor pollutants such as formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene. The botanical name of this hardy dracaena is Dracaena fragrans “Massangeana”. Narrow and arching, the shiny leaves are striped with golden-yellow down their center. It is not too hard to … Depending on the variety, D. fragrans may have solid green or variegated leaves and mature at 15 to 50 feet high. Dracaena massangeana key facts. Hardy in USDA Zones 10 to 12, corn plants can take light shade or indirect sunlight. [Portuguese with English abstract], MacDonald, Elvin "The World Book of House Plants" pp.238 Popular Books, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dracaena_fragrans&oldid=978004396, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 08:36. 'Massangeana', also commonly denominated "Mass Cane", has a bright yellow central stripe on the foliage. For those who are lucky enough, the corn plant may even produce clusters of fragrant white flowers, though this … Genus Dracaena are evergreen trees, the few branches bearing linear to lance-shaped leaves often crowded towards the tips; on mature plants, small greenish-white flowers … You can bring your corn plant outside during the summer, as long as you place the pot in a sheltered, somewhat shady location. Dracaena fragrans, commonly known as corn plant, is a popular, durable, easy-to-grow indoor houseplant that is native to tropical Africa. The Dracaena is also called the Dragon Blood Tree and is an easy to care for houseplant. Corn plant (Dracaena fragrans), also known as false palm, gets its scientific name from the Greek word for female dragon, an homage to the red sap contained in its stems. [3] It is also very tolerant of neglect. In addition to brown leaf tips from fluoridated water, temperature fluctuations, inadequate watering, and calcium deficiency all can cause leaf discoloration. Dracaenas are palm-like trees and shrubs that are often grown as houseplants. The striped yellow and green leaves bring a lot of softness to any corner of a room. But you may experience problems with dracaena plants from time to time. Outdoors, this African native grows 20 feet tall or more, but if you keep it in a pot indoors, it will stay around 4 to 6 feet tall. It doesn’t normally flower indoors. I originally purchased it just over a year ago, when a similar plant I had (Yucca elephantisis) died in a similar manner.Basically, what happens is that the new growth on the cane starts to turn brown and dry out from the bottom upward. They come in many shapes, heights and varieties, but many have strappy sword-shaped leaves and are evergreens. Stems may reach up to 30 cm (12 in) diameter on old plants; in forest habitats they may become horizontal with erect side branches. Under natural conditions, this type of dracaena grows up to 6 m, and when kept as a houseplant - no higher than 1-2 m. ✔ We Released The Dracaena HandBook CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE >> Outdoors, the plant does best in part shade. However, the soil should never be allowed to dry out fully. Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' (Makoy ex Ed.Morren, Belgique Horticole 31: 327, t.16 (1881)). Botanical Name: Dracaena surculosa. But direct sun can burn the plant and cause it to wilt. New growth, typically being two or three shoots, comes from old foliar scars at the top of the stem. Repot your corn plant every year or two into a larger container with fresh potting soil. Flora is a dracaena fragrans (nickname corn plant), like all dracaenas, they are tolerant of lower light, missed waterings, and some general neglect.This dracaena is especially popular because of its long, graceful, green leaves that have a yellow and light green stripe running down the center. The corn plant is a popular ornamental houseplant because it thrives in most indoor environments. To repot this plant, remove the loose soil around it, carefully lift the plant from its base, and place it in its new container, making sure not to damage its roots in the process. ), it may also be known as Dracaena massangeana. 3. Mass cane is characterized by its thick, woody canes and long strap-like leaves. Dracaena fragrans, commonly known as corn plant, is a popular, durable, easy-to-grow indoor houseplant that is native to tropical Africa. Distribution and habitat:Dracaena fragrans is a flowering plant species that is native throughout tropical Africa,  growing in upland regions at 600–2,250m (2,000–7,380 feet) altitude. Growing in low light or bright light, the Dracaena fragrans produces glossy green foliage. [1][2] Other English names include striped dracaena (for variegated cultivars), corn plant (for the cultivar 'Massangeana';[3]), Chinese money tree, and fortune plant.[11]. The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is an oldie but goodie in the houseplant industry. Indoor Corn Plant Care. If you want a small, round dracaena plant, use your pruning shears to cut off just the top of the stem. The image above is a lithography from 1880 showing the plant in all its glory. The mass cane plant, also known as corn plant or Dracaena massangeana, is a popular upright evergreen houseplant in the genus Dracaena.This tropical tree-like flowering plant is a cultivar of Dracaena fragrans species, hence its full scientific name is Dracaena fragrans ‘massangeana’.. Synonyms include Aletris fragrans L. (basionym), Cordyline fragrans (L.) Planch., Pleomele fragrans (L.) Salisb., Sansevieria fragrans (L.) Jacq., Dracaena deremensis Engl., Dracaena smithii Hook.f., and Dracaena ugandensis Baker. The roots don't like to sit in water, so make sure the soil has good drainage. Dracaena Fragrans Dorado Origin. I have a Dracaena fragrans (corn plant) which is dying. The origin of the Dracaena is Africa, Central America and Asia. The Dracaena, more commonly known as the corn plant, the dragon tree or the ribbon plant, is a genus of houseplants. Although moderate natural lighting is ideal, it is tolerant of low light conditions. The Dracaena fragrans —also named the corn plant—is a flowering plant species native to Africa. This is one of the best house plants for removing indoor air toxins such as formaldehyde, ammonia, xylene and toluene. 'Compacta' is more compact and suitable for indoor cultivation. The plant is known as "බෝතල් ගස් - bothal gas" (meaning "bottle tree") in Sinhala, in Sri Lanka. Also, try to maintain humidity levels between 40 percent and 50 percent, which mimics the plant's native conditions. Avoid cutting your stem if you want a full, wild appearance. Dracaena Fragrans is an evergreen ornamental deciduous plant with a long, sometimes branched stem. In the middle of each leaf there is a broad yellow stripe (sometimes it can be creamy). Dracaena fragrans (cornstalk dracaena), is a flowering plant species that is native throughout tropical Africa, from Sudan south to Mozambique, west to Côte d'Ivoire and southwest to Angola, growing in upland regions at 600–2,250 m (1,970–7,380 ft) altitude. Dracaena Care Tips. Dracaena fragrans, or corn plant. Moreover, like other dracaena species, corn plants are sensitive to fluoride and boron, which can be found in tap water. Corn Plant Care & Growing Guide 1. Too little light will result in the leaves losing their stripes, and it can cause the plant's growth to become stunted. The fruit is an orange-red berry 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) diameter, containing several seeds. [4] The plant is known as "masale" to the Chagga people of Tanzania, who regard it as holy. deremensis. It is commonly known as corn plant, because of its interesting foliage that resembles corn leaves. Dracaena fragrans (cornstalk dracaena), is a flowering plant species that is native throughout tropical Africa, from Sudan south to Mozambique, west to Côte d'Ivoire and southwest to Angola, growing in upland regions at 600–2,250 m (1,970–7,380 ft) altitude. Name – Dracaena fragrans ‘massangeana’ Family – Agavaceae Type – indoor plant Height – 3 to 6 ½ feet (1 to 2 meters) Exposure – very well-lit, even full sun Corn plants prefer organically rich soil. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Dracaena species generally thrive with little light, making them ideal for relatively dim interiors. Dracaena fragrans is one of the most popular houseplants throughout the world. The scientific name for the corn plant is Dracaena fragrans, which is the true corn plant in its native and original form, with solid dark green leaves. [6], Several cultivars have variegated foliage. The lower leaves on the plant will begin to yellow after around two to three years, which is roughly their natural lifespan. It is inexpensive compared to other houseplants, and the least expensive of the dracaena varieties. For this reason, many people grow Dracaena fragrans massangeana specifically: like normal Dracaena fragrans, Massangeana varieties need the same level of general plant care. The plants are also adaptable to many spaces; they can reach anywhere from 2 to 10 feet high, and are just about 2 feet wide. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. (2005). Dracaena Fragrans Massangeana, also known as Mass Cane or Corn Plant, has stalky stems and broad green leaves and central yellow stripes running through them. Make your cut based on your desired height, though it can be between ¼ to ¾ of the total stem length. Also, the genus Dracaena is presently There are several different types of dracaena houseplants. Dracaena Fragrans is a slow-growing tree-like houseplant. BTW, Draceana fragrans has a much more extensive synonymy than just Aletris fragrans L. See the reference below. The Dracaena Corn Plant is a slow growing, sometimes flowering, shrub which is wildly popular as a houseplant. This very popular houseplant often goes by the name Corn Plant, or by its official Latin name of Dracaena fragrans (impossible to say without sounding French! The plant tends to drop its lower leaves, exposing its stem as it ages. [3], The cultivars 'Lemon Lime',[7] ‘Massangeana’,[8] and 'Warneckei'[9] bear the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[10]. Europeans have been using these tropical African evergreens as indoor plants since the mid-1800s, and they’ve been popular in the United States since the early 20th century. Corn plant (Dracaena fragrans), is usually grown as a foliage houseplant, although it also grows outdoors in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12 in shady locations. Stems can reach up to 30 cm (12 inches) in diameter on mature plants. Don't be discouraged if it takes some time for new cuttings to root. The plant derives its common name from its resemblance to the domesticated maize plant. This encourages new branches to grow near the new top of the stem. Propagating corn plants is an inexact science, and even experienced gardeners can have trouble with it. It typically consists of several thick stems that grow from the same root system. Dust the leaves of the plant regularly with a damp cloth to keep it looking its best and to disrupt the environment for pests. You can also root cane pieces directly by pushing them into soil and keeping them upright. This gives them a similar appearance to a palm tree, which is why they’re sometimes referred to as “false palms.” They make good houseplants because they are tall and narrow, typically only reaching around 4 to 6 feet high in containers, and they can withstand a fairly significant amount of abuse from casual indoor gardeners. Beija-flores (Aves, Trochilidae) e seus recursos florais em uma área urbana do Sul do Brasil [Hummingbirds (Aves, Trochilidae) and their flowers in an urban area of southern Brazil]. Avoid keeping them in temperatures below 50 degrees. Keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy during the growing season (spring to fall), and then reduce watering in the late fall to winter. Dracaena fragrans is propagated by cutting segments of old stems 10–20 cm (3.9–7.9 in) long, drying them, and then inserting them into moist sand until they root. Corn plants do best in bright indoor locations that are protected from direct sunlight, drafts, and airflow from air-conditioning and heating vents. It is a beautiful, small and … [1][2], Dracaena fragrans is a slow growing shrub, usually multistemmed at the base, mature specimens reaching 15 m (49 ft) or more tall with a narrow crown of usually slender erect branches. Soil that is too dry can cause brown leaf tips on the plant. Baza Mendonça, Luciana & dos Anjos, Luiz. Dracaena Corn Plant The dracaena corn plant (botanical name: dracaena fragrans massangeana) is a well known indoor plant which is grown in many homes and offices within the US, UK and Europe. Dracaena fragrans plants are widely used as indoor plants. Corn plants do best in temperatures around 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Dracaena fragrans NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Thus, it's best to water with distilled water to avoid leaf tip burn, stunted growth, and even plant death. It's good for you too, because it naturally cleans the air. There are a few dracaena fragrans varieties that display different types of leaves such as the massangeana, lindenii and victoria. Other popular cultivars include 'Janet Craig', 'Lemon Lime', and 'Warneckei' ('Warneckii'), which are often sold under the synonym D. Dracaenas are usually tough, carefree houseplants. The species name refers to the fragrant flowers, while the English name derives from a perceived resemblance of the stem to a corn (Zea mays) stalk. Also called mass cane, this slow-growing plant is easy to care for and adapts well to a variety of conditions. The mass cane plant has a leafy crown of long, sword-shaped, arching leaves. Take a cutting that's at least a few inches long, and push its end into warm, moist soil. ", The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Corn plants root readily from stem cuttings. Light Requirement. Unlike the regular plants, Dracaena fragrans massangeana has a lime-green stripe on the leaves, setting it apart from the regular corn plant leaves. It is the most widely grown variegated cultivar of Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawler. Also, watch out for spider mites, thrips, and scale, which can be a problem with many houseplants. Springtime is ideal for starting new plants, though you can typically pot nursery plants indoors at any time of year. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer roughly every month throughout the growing season, and feed sparingly or not at all over the winter. Also, maintaining high humidity levels indoors is critical for the plants. With these pests, the leaves can start to look damaged and unhealthy, and you might even notice small bugs moving on the plant. Rooting hormone can help in this process. [1] It is suited to frost-free climates and USDA Hardiness zones 10-11. If you keep your plant inside in front of a western-facing window, it should have curtains or blinds to filter the light. They tolerate lower light and feature attractive foliage that reportedly helps clean the air. Corn plant grows easily with the right light, water, fertilizer and an occasional pest inspection. 'Massangeana ', also commonly denominated `` mass cane plant has a much extensive. 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